Otorhinolaryngology is a medical and surgical specialty that tries to diagnose and solve a wide variety of health problems that affect regions located in the head and neck. The otorrino was considered the doctor who treated diseases of the ears, nose and throat. But the important development of the specialty has meant that we are currently considered as Head and Neck Surgeons.

The surgical nature of this specialty has not prevented the development of its medical aspect in the approach of diagnostic processes and specific complementary studies.

From the medical point of view, the ENT now plays a key role in the units of study of sleep disorders and balance disorders, without forgetting the fundamental aspect of the area of clinical audiology in the studies of hearing loss of the adult as in that of children, which includes neonatal screening or early detection of congenital deafness.